Who Got to America Before the “Natives”?

Who were the true Native Americans?  The typical explanation is people genetically similar to modern Siberians who crossed over a land bridge and eventually made their way down to South America.  This explanations assumes and insists that there was no other way for humans to have arrived here because there was no technology like seafaring, navigation or aviation at the time.

Well, archaeological evidence exists to refute both sides of the claim.  First of all, there is evidence of technologies that the Siberian/Mongoloid native Americans have never claimed to possess.  Second, the age of these finds predates typical estimates for the rise of human technology.  It seems that when the Native Americans arrived, other natives had already been there…

Wattis, Utah Coal Mine

In 1953, miners at the Lion Coal Mine in Wattis, Utah were digging a new tunnel, and broke into an already existing system. The coal found in these tunnels was so old and weathered, it was useless for burning. Further exploration by Drs Wilson and Jennings from the University of Utah revealed not only the tunnels, but centralized rooms where coal was brought prior to being taken to the surface. The tunnels themselves averaged about 5-6′ high, (although there was one 8′ tunnel they followed for 8500 feet), and followed the coal seams in the same way as today. Yet none of the North American Indian tribes ever used coal.[1] Who, then, were the miners?

Secrets of the Lost Races: New Discoveries of Advanced Technology in Ancient Civilizations“, Rene Noorbergen (2001).  Retrieved 31.3.2014 from https://www.forbiddenhistory.info/index.php?q=node/10

Illinois Chain in Coal

Mrs. S. W. Culp, of Morrisonville, Illinois, was breaking coal into smaller lumps for her scuttle, one day in 1891, when she noticed a chain in the midst of the coal. When she reached down to pick it up, she saw that the two ends of the chain were firmly embedded in two separate pieces of coal that had clearly been a single lump only moments before.

http://www.byerly.org/whatifo.htm#8/18/02 and The Morrosonville Times, June 11, 1891.  Retrieved 31.3.2014 from https://www.forbiddenhistory.info/?q=node/30

Lanzhou Screw

CA Iron nail in Quartz

In 1851, Hiram de Witt, of Springfield, Massachusetts, accidentally dropped a fist sized piece of gold bearing quartz that he had brought back from California. The rock broke apart in the fall, and inside it de Witt found a 2″ cut iron nail, slightly corroded. “It was entirely straight and had a perfect head,” reported The Times of London.[1/2]

Abbey Mine Iron Screw in Feldspar

A piece of feldspar from the Abbey Mine in Treasure City, Nevada, in 1865, was found to contain a two-inch metal screw, which had oxidized but left its from and the shape of its threads within the feldspar- the stone itself was calculated as being millions of years old.

The Times, London, December 24, 1851 and http://www.byerly.org/whatifo.htm#8/18/02.  Retrieved 31.3.2014 from https://www.forbiddenhistory.info/?q=node/29

In 1961 a fossil encrusted geode (although this one was not hollow) was picked up in the Coso Mountains, six miles northeast of Olancha, California, near the top of a 4300′ peak overlooking the dry bed of Owens Lake by some rockhounds. What was discovered after it had been cut in half, ruining a diamond saw blade in the process, is something that has caused much debate over the years, and continues to this day.

Geode CoreIn the middle of the geode was a metal core approximately .08″ in diameter. Encircling this was what appeared to be a ceramic casing which was also surrounded by a hexagonal sleeve of wood, which had become petrified. This was encased by the outer layer of the geode which was made up of hardened clay, pebbles, and bits of fossil shell, and two nonmagnetic metallic objects resembling a nail and a washer. A fragment of copper still remaining between the ceramic material and the petrified wood indicates that possibly the two may have been separated by a copper sleeve. X-rays of the objects were taken and examined by Paul Willis, then editor of INFO Journal who noticed a startling similarity between it and a modern spark plug. An unnamed geologist in the original report of the find came up with an age estimate of 500,000 years based on the fossils contained in the matrix (note-this would not indicate what date the accretion was formed).[1]

http://www.byerly.org/whatifo.htm#8/18/02.  Retrieved 31.3.2014 from https://www.forbiddenhistory.info/?q=node/33

Found in California, a rock was cracked open in search of fossils. But instead of a fossil, out fell a very strange object. The rock came from a formation that had been dated at around half a million years old. In the picture below on the right is an x-ray of the object. It is composed of a ceramic material and metal. In some respects it resembles a modern spark plug.

Spark Plug

Retrieved 31.3.2014 from https://www.forbiddenhistory.info/?q=node/35

Ica Telescope

“In the 1960’s a local farmer was selling rocks he had found in caves and gorges near the city of Ica Peru. Over the years he had aquired thousands of these stones. Eventually the archeological community heard of these rocks and began to investigate. The farmer was arrested and confined by the government of Peru and upon his release he recanted his testimony and confessed that he had carved them himself. Dr. Cabrera had asked the farmer where he found the stones. The farmer was evasive and maintained his story that he made them himself for fear of being put in jail for the rest of his life. It has been determined by some that he was coherced into his confession. A total of about 15,000 of these stones have been recovered. The bulk of these are stored in the Ica Stones Museum in Peru.

The carvings on the stone are not cut into the stone. These ancient stones have a varnish over them that is formed over thousands of years. When the varnish is removed the lighter colored lines appear. When the carvings on the stone were examined it was found the the carvings themselves have some varnish on them as well indicating that the carvings are also of ancient origin.

Many of the carvings depict advanced technology including the one above which appears to be a man holding something like a telescope and looking at the comet or asteroid.”[1]

The stones are supposedly dated from 90 to 225 million years ago.

[1] http://www.ancient-hebrew.org/ancientman/12_viking.html

Retrieved 31.3.2014 from https://www.forbiddenhistory.info/?q=node/104

 

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The Australian Government’s War Against the Environment

Australia’s government has environmentalists up in arms. Justifiably.

Tony Abbott’s government has been described as the most hostile to his nation’s environment in history. Here’s why people are pissed off.

Tony Abbott's government has been described as the most hostile to his nation's environment in history . Here's why people are pissed off.

1. One of Australia’s most stunning natural wonders – the Great Barrier Reef – will have a section of its ocean bed ripped up to create a coal shipping lane.

21 Reasons Aussie Environmentalists Are Really Angry Right Now
Greenpeace / Via youtube.com

Under the Abbott government, the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority has given the go-ahead for three million cubic metres of ocean bottom to be dredged and dumped within the World Heritage area to open a new shipping route.

2. A reef that was already vulnerable thanks to a number of environmental threats.

21 Reasons Aussie Environmentalists Are Really Angry Right Now
Greenpeace / Via youtube.com
21 Reasons Aussie Environmentalists Are Really Angry Right Now
JamesCookNewsNetwork / Via youtube.com

Threats such as agricultural runoff, increased ocean acidity and rises in ocean temperatures scientists believe is caused by the burning of fossil fuels such as coal. Rising temperatures leads to coral bleaching. Worse feedback loop ever. A study released by the Australian Institute of Marine Science found the reef has lost half its coral cover in the last three decades.

3. Environment Minister Greg Hunt has given the nod to several vast new coal mines in the Galilee Basin, Queensland.

21 Reasons Aussie Environmentalists Are Really Angry Right Now
Greenpeace / Via youtube.com

Altogether the Alpha coal project and Kevin’s Corner in the Galilee Basin will emit 3.7bn tonne of CO2-e once burned over their 30 year lifetime, according to estimates by The Guardian. Clive Palmer’s Galilee Basin mine, China First, will release an estimated 3bn tonne of CO2-e over a 37 year period, according to a report by UTS and Greenpeace. Environmentalists are alarmed at the potential impact on groundwater levels and water pollution, and destruction of the local environment, home to koalas and endangered bird species.

4. Meanwhile upset residents living near NSW’s Maules Creek mine walked away empty handed from their meeting with Hunt.

21 Reasons Aussie Environmentalists Are Really Angry Right Now
Greenpeace / Via youtube.com

A heated blockade is taking place with local residents and activists, including members of the indigenous Gomeroi people, protesting against coal seam gas mining and the open cut mine at Maules Creek. According to the National Indigenous Times, a recent meeting with Hunt left the participants, “feeling ‘deflated’ and without even a ‘message to take back’ to their Elders.” The mining threatens 8,000 hectares of bushland known as the Leard State Forest, which houses critically endangered Box-Gum Woodland and several other threatened animal species.

5. In January, following a Federal exemption from environmental laws, Western Australia began a controversial shark culling program.

21 Reasons Aussie Environmentalists Are Really Angry Right Now
ITN / Via youtube.com
21 Reasons Aussie Environmentalists Are Really Angry Right Now
Echonetdaily / Via youtube.com

According to the ABC, “Since the cull began in January, 104 sharks – 30 of them more than three metres – have been caught on the drum lines.” The policy only allows for sharks larger than 3 metres to be killed, and continues despite a 6,000 person rally, 23,000 public submissions to the Environmental Protection Authority, and the danger this practice poses to endangered Great Whites.

6. Plans to create the world’s largest network of marine reserves have been suspended indefinitely.

21 Reasons Aussie Environmentalists Are Really Angry Right Now
WavelengthIII / Via youtube.com

According to the Australian Marine Conservation Society, the suspended marine park plans, which were intended to come into effect on July 1 of this year, are the result of “15 years of extensive scientific investigation and the most thorough public consultation process in Australia’s history”. Greg Hunt told the Sydney Morning Herald his department has begun its own review of how to best manage marine ecosystems.

7. The Abbott government is applying to have 74,000 hectares of Tasmanian forest removed from World Heritage listing.

21 Reasons Aussie Environmentalists Are Really Angry Right Now
Jeff Jennings / Via youtube.com

It’s a move that’s been called unprecedented, coming less than a year since the World Heritage Committee approved an 170,000-hectare extension of the existing boundary under the previous government. The Abbott government’s justification is that the forest area in question is too degraded to be worthy of protection – a view strongly challenged by the Wilderness Society.

8. Australia is apparently “open for business”. And just to make that clear: “open for business for the forestry industry.”

21 Reasons Aussie Environmentalists Are Really Angry Right Now
southernrainforest / Via youtube.com

So said Abbott in his recent address at the 2014 ForestWorks dinner. He then went on to describe Greg Hunt as a man “who appreciates that the environment is meant for man and not just the other way around.” Nor does Abbott support the creation of any more national parks, saying: “We have quite enough national parks, we have quite enough locked up forests already. In fact, in an important respect, we have too much locked up forest.”

9. Our $74.6 million dollar contribution to global environment programs last year has been slashed to $0 this year.

21 Reasons Aussie Environmentalists Are Really Angry Right Now

As part of a $650 million reduction in the foreign aid budget.

10. Environment Minister Greg Hunt was a no-show at the Warsaw climate talks.

21 Reasons Aussie Environmentalists Are Really Angry Right Now

Instead Australia sent lower level representatives to November’s talks, whose behaviour raised the ire of other diplomats. According to the Sydney Morning Herald, the complaints ranged from “Australian representatives moving to block any parts of the conference negotiating text to the delegates wearing T-shirts and giggling during the talks.”

11. Dick Warburton, a confirmed sceptic of man-induced climate change, has been selected to head the review of the Renewable Energy Target.

21 Reasons Aussie Environmentalists Are Really Angry Right Now

The prominent Australian businessman told The Australian he was sceptical that “man-made carbon dioxide is creating global warming,” and previously quoted a thoroughly debunked petition to back up his view. The Renewable Energy Target is designed to deliver 20 percent of Australia’s electricity from renewable sources by 2020, and is likely to be watered down by the Abbott government.

12. And Warburton is not the only climate sceptic in Abbott’s inner circle.

21 Reasons Aussie Environmentalists Are Really Angry Right Now

Maurice Newman is the current chairman of the Prime Minister’s Business Advisory Council and has previously discussed the so-called “climate change establishment” in conspiratory terms, claiming that they are colluding with the U.N. and the media in a “scientific delusion”.

13. Abbott himself has scoffed at 25 years of scientific research linking Australia’s increased fire activity to climate change.

Abbott himself has scoffed at 25 years of scientific research linking Australia's increased fire activity to climate change.

Joe Brown / Via Twitter: @_JoeBrown_

When the executive secretary of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, Christiana Figueres linked global climate change to increasing heatwaves, the PM responded by saying she was “talking through her hat”. Perhaps he meant a hat lined with multiple studies that back up her statement, from both Australian and international institutes?

14. The Prime Minister also seems determined to indulge anti-wind crusaders’ hypochondria.

21 Reasons Aussie Environmentalists Are Really Angry Right Now
Marcus Dibble / Via youtube.com

As reported in the Sydney Morning Herald, the Abbott government has already committed to further study on wind farms and health, despite the fact that recent studies from Australia’s National Health and Medical Research Council have failed to find reliable or consistent evidence that wind farms directly cause human health problems.

15. In one of the Abbott government’s first acts after coming into power last year, we waved “goodbye” to the Climate Commission.

21 Reasons Aussie Environmentalists Are Really Angry Right Now

The independent body of experts was setup to communicate to the public the effects of climate change on Australia. Following the axing, the experts quickly reformed as the privately funded Climate Council.

16. Now get ready for a possible “adieu” to the Climate Change Authority…

21 Reasons Aussie Environmentalists Are Really Angry Right Now

Another independent statutory body established by the last government to advise on climate policy with particular regards to emissions reductions. The CCA is facing closure when the new Senate sits in July, with its fate decided by a tiny group of independents. Last month the body released a report recommended Abbott boost the current emissions reduction target of 5% by 2020 to 19% (from 2000 levels) – a recommendation that is more than likely to be completely and emphatically ignored.

17. A possible “all the best” to the Clean Energy Finance Corporation…

21 Reasons Aussie Environmentalists Are Really Angry Right Now

The CEFC is Australia’s billion-dollar “green bank”, which since last July has been investing in clean energy projects, like solar panels and wind farms. Its fate will also be determined by the new sitting Senate house come July.

18. And a “nice knowing you” to the carbon tax.

21 Reasons Aussie Environmentalists Are Really Angry Right Now

Abbott’s move to repeal the carbon tax was recently knocked down in the Senate. But when the new Senate sits in July, independent members (such as those from mining magnate Clive Palmer’s Palmer United Party) will hold the balance of power. The tax was a much contested scheme brought in by the last Gillard Labor government, and charges polluters around $25 per tonne of carbon emissions.

19. $435 million is to be cut from the Australian Renewable Energy Agency budget.

21 Reasons Aussie Environmentalists Are Really Angry Right Now

Last year Australian Conservation Foundation campaigner Tony Mohr told theSydney Morning Herald that the cuts to the agency, which is designed to fund renewable energy projects and research, “will starve research and development of clean energy in Australia, moving us to the back of the global race for clean tech.”

20. Hey mining companies, here’s $2 billion per year for petrol money!

21 Reasons Aussie Environmentalists Are Really Angry Right Now

Under the fuel tax credit scheme, each Australian taxpayer is handing over $182 to the mining companies, in the form of a 32c per litre discount on fuels such as petrol and diesel for off-road use. Altogether the Abbott government is providing $10 billion per year in subsidies to fossil fuel companies.

21. And now Abbott seems intent on washing his hands of future projects by handing back environmental power to the states and territories.

21 Reasons Aussie Environmentalists Are Really Angry Right Now

Abbott says his new “one-stop shop” for environmental assessment cuts down the “green tape” for developers, allowing the states and territories to take on sole responsibility for approval of projects, including mines and ports. As reported inThe Guardian, this has the Greens questioning the commitment of state powers to protecting the environment. Time will tell what impact this will have on risky businesses such as coal seam gas.

http://www.buzzfeed.com/monicatan/australian-environmentalists-are-really-angry-right-now

Not A Color: The History of Slavery

Contrary to conventional thought, Slavery was NOT only endured by Blacks, all peoples have at one time or another been enslaved.

white slavery 06

The irony is that it is Blacks who appear to have created the institution of Slavery. As the creators of civilization, and the builders of the worlds first cities, Blacks logically were the first to have a need for slaves, as a source of free labor. Slavery in ancient cultures was known to occur in civilizations as old as Sumer, and it was found in every civilization, including Ancient Egypt, the Akkadian Empire, Assyria, Ancient Greece, Rome and parts of its empire.

white slavery 01

Such institutions were a mixture of debt-slavery, punishment for crime, the enslavement of prisoners of war, child abandonment, and the birth of slave children to slaves. In the Roman Empire, probably over 25% of the empire’s population, and 30 to 40% of the population of Italy was enslaved. Records of slavery in Ancient Greece go as far back as Mycenaean Greece. It is often said that the Greeks as well as philosophers such as Aristotle accepted the theory of natural slavery i.e. that some men are slaves by nature. At the time of Plato and Socrates, slavery was so accepted by the Greeks (including philosophers) that few people indeed protested it as an institution.

white slavery 05

In the Viking era starting c. 793, the Norse raiders often captured and enslaved militarily weaker peoples they encountered. In the Nordic countries the slaves were called thralls. The thralls were mostly from Western Europe, among them many Franks, Anglo-Saxons, and Celts. Many Irish slaves participated in the colonization of Iceland. There is evidence of German, Baltic, Slavic and Latin slaves as well. The slave trade was one of the pillars of Norse commerce during the 6th through 11th centuries. The Persian traveler Ibn Rustah described how Swedish Vikings, the Varangians or Rus, terrorized and enslaved the Slavs, (thus the word Slave).

The Vikings raided across Europe, though their slave raids were the most destructive in the British Isles and Eastern Europe. While the Vikings kept some slaves for themselves as servants, known as thralls, most people captured by the Vikings would be sold on the Byzantine or Islamic markets. In the West the targets of Viking slavery were primarily English, Irish, and Scottish, while in the East they were mainly Slavs. The Viking slave trade slowly ended in the 1000s, as the Vikings settled in the European territories they once raided.

white slavery 04

The Mongol invasions and conquests in the 13th century made the situation worse. The Mongols enslaved skilled individuals, women and children and marched them to Karakorum or Sarai, whence they were sold throughout Eurasia. Many of these slaves were shipped to the slave market in Novgorod, (near Moscow in Russia).

Slave commerce during the Late Middle Ages was mainly in the hands of Venetian and Genoese merchants and cartels, who were involved in the slave trade with the Golden Horde. In 1382 the Golden Horde under Khan Tokhtamysh sacked Moscow, burning the city and carrying off thousands of inhabitants as slaves. Between 1414 and 1423, some 10,000 eastern European slaves were sold in Venice. Genoese merchants organized the slave trade from the Crimea to Mamluk Egypt. For years the Khanates of Kazan and Astrakhan routinely made raids on Russian principalities for slaves and to plunder towns. Russian chronicles record about 40 raids of Kazan Khans on the Russian territories in the first half of the 16th century. In 1521, the combined forces of Crimean Khan Mehmed Giray and his Kazan allies attacked Moscow and captured thousands of slaves.

white slavery 02

In 1441, Haci I Giray declared independence from the Golden Horde and established the Crimean Khanate. For a long time, until the early 18th century, the khanate maintained a massive slave trade with the Ottoman Empire and the Middle East. In a process called the “harvesting of the steppe”, they enslaved many Slavic peasants. About 30 major Tatar raids were recorded into Muscovite territories between 1558-1596. In 1571, the Crimean Tatars attacked and sacked Moscow, burning everything but the Kremlin and taking thousands of captives as slaves. In Crimea, about 75% of the population consisted of slaves.

Read More at http://realhistoryww.com/world_history/ancient/Misc/True_Negros/Assorted/The_History_of_Slavery.htm

Bantu Languages- Beauty, Philosophy, Expression

“This alliteration, this repetition of the inflecting prefix of the noun, is the interlocking switch of Bantu. It prevents the very children from using bad grammar. Such intricacy of structure finds no parallel in any other linguistic family, except Gor and Mande in West Africa. The principle of alliterative concordance offers one of the most astonishing phenomena in human culture

The beauty, plastic power and richness of Bantu languages delight and amaze all. They possess almost limitless flexibility, pliancy and softness. Their grammatical principles are founded on the most philosophical and systematic basis. Their vocabularies are susceptible of infinite expansion. They can express even delicate shades of thought and feeling. Perhaps no other languages are capable of greater definiteness and precision. Grout doubts whether Zulu — the purest type of a Bantu dialect, the lordly language of the south, the speech of a conquering and superior race — is surpassed in forming derivatives by German or Greek. Livingstone characterized as witnesses to the poverty of their own attainments men who complain of the poverty of Bantu languages. Bentley, after referring to the flexibility, fulness, subtlety of idea and nicety of expression in Kongoan, accredits this wealth of forms and ideas to the Bantu family in bulk. The wide sway of these qualities points out their immense practical importance to civilization. Three languages may be taken as the English tongue of their respective spheres. Zulu stretches from Natal to Nyasa, Swahili from Zanzibar well=nigh across equatorial Africa, and Mbundu (Ngolan) from Portuguese West Africa far eastward. In French Kongo the Fan (Mpangwe) and in Belgian Kongo below Livingstone Falls the Kongoan are strong developing factors. But Zulu, Swahili and Mbundu form representative and standard languages for the south, the east, the west. The unity in variety of Bantu speech, its flexibleness, power of growth and molding give ground for the belief that the best elements of the best languages may be embodied in a language classic, complete and one.”

Noble, Frederic Perry.  The Redemption of Africa: A Story of Civilization, with Maps, Statistical Tables and Select Bibliography of the Literature of African Missions, Volume 1.  Revell, 1899

http://books.google.com/books?id=vdxBAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA162#v=onepage&q=&f=false

“The Bantu languages, in fact, are rather more closely related one to the other—even in their extremest forms—than are the Aryan languages. This is so much the case that a native of Zanzibar can very soon make himself understood on the Congo, while a man of the Cameroons would not be long before he grasped the vocabulary of the Zulu. This interesting fact must play a certain part in the political development of Africa south of the fifth degree of north latitude. The rapidity with which the Kiswahili tongue of Zanzibar—a very convenient, simple, and expressive form of Bantu speech— has spread far and wide over East Central Africa, and has even gained a footing on the Congo, hints at the possibility of the Bantu Negroes at some future time adopting a universal Bantu language for inter-communication.”

Johnston, Sir Harry Hamilton.  The Uganda Protectorate: An Attempt to Give Some Description of the Physical Geography, Botany, Zoology, Anthropology, Languages and History of the Territories Under British Protection in East Central Africa, Between the Congo Free State and the Rift Valley and Between the First Degree of South Latitude and the Fifth Degree of North Latitude, Volume 2. Hutchinson & Company, 1904

http://books.google.com/books?id=vyAUAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA890#v=onepage&q=&f=false

The Black Madonnas Of Europe: Miracle Workers and Holy Icons

Of all the varied aspects of African womanhood, none are more fascinating than the hundreds of representations of Black Madonnas. Indeed, the Black Madonnas of Europe are perhaps the most venerated icons in all of European Christendom. Their shrines have attracted millions of devotees. They are thought to be miracle workers, and their miracle-working powers are derived from their blackness.

In Russia during the nineteenth century, the celebrated Russian General Kutuzov had his army pray before the Black Madonna of Kazan before the historic battle with the Napoleonic army at Borodino. The same Madonna is said to have inspired Rasputin and may now be in the United States. At least two major paintings of Black Madonnas are on display in the Kremlin, in Moscow.

In reference to La Moreneta (the Little Black Lady), the Black Madonna of Montserrat, Spain – more than 1,000 years old and the patroness of the Catalonian region, it is said “He is not well wed who has not taken his wife to Montserrat.” She is in charge of sexuality and fertility, and presides over weddings and childbirth. In the mountains north of Barcelona, La Moreneta’s shrine has attracted millions of visitors, including pope John Paul II. Both Goethe and Schiller attached great importance to Montserrat.

Our Lady of the Pillar. Gothic Cathedral. Chartes, France.

France probably has more representations of Black Madonnas than any other country. France has more than 300 representations of Black Madonnas, a chief center of which is Chartres – a small quiet town about 85 kilometers southwest of Paris. The most notable of the Black Madonna images in Chartres is called Notre-Dame du Pilier (Our Lady of the Pillar). This representation, about a meter high, of a Black Madonna statue made of natural wood placed on a pillar holding the infant Jesus. Both the Madonna and Child are colored a very dark brown and are dressed in white robes embroidered with gold. The images are highly venerated, especially among Catholics, and I confess that even I, out of respect, got down on both knees during my two visits to the cathedral and whispered a prayer.

The cathedral at Chartres is a large and magnificent edifice more than 800 years old and possessing marvelous original blue stained glass windows, at least two of which have Black Madonna figures right in the center. A copy of an original Black Madonna statue stands in a crypt underneath the main cathedral.

Many believe that the Black Madonnas of Europe represent vestiges of the adoration of the African goddess Ast, better known as Isis. Notre Dame Cathedral, the Cathedral of Our Lady of Paris, considered a masterpiece of Gothic architecture and at the very center of Paris, was built directly over an ancient temple of this supreme African deity. Indeed, it has been noted the name of Paris itself is derived from Park of Isis.

The Black Virgin of Paris. Date unknown.  Photo by Runoko Rashidi

In the quiet Chapel of the Congregation of S. Thomas of Villeneuve in a serene setting in the Parisian suburb of Neuilly-sur-Seine, stands one of the most important of the Black Madonna statues. She is La Vierge Noire de Paris (the Black Virgin of Paris) and consists of a two meter-high standing statue, carved of a single block of hard limestone, of a smiling Black Madonna holding the Christ child (the infant wears closely cropped nappy blond hair) and wielding a kind of wand or scepter capped by the flour de lys – symbol of the French monarchy. Atop her head sits a gold crown embedded with precious stones. The statue is dressed in a gown of rich red, blue, and white colors, the colors of the French flag. The Christ child himself is holding a golden cross and the entire image is believed to be more than 500 years old, and probably replaced a much earlier one.

One of the most important Black Madonnas in France is Our Lady of Le Puy. Located in the southern part of France, the statue may have originally been that of Ast/Isis. At Le Puy pope Urban II held council to prepare for the First Crusade. Joan of Arc sent the knights that accompanied her from Vaucouleurs to Chinon, along with her mother and two brothers, to Le Puy to pray there.

Our Lady of Rocamadour, a Black Madonna carved of walnut wood, is believed to be more than 1,000 years old. She is said to resuscitate babies, protect sailors, free captives, and promote fertility. To reach her shrine in southwest France one must climb 216 steps. Among her more notable visitors have been St. Louis of France and Henry II of England.

Die Schwarze Madonna at Einsiedeln, Switzerland.

La Negre, the Black Madonna of Montpellier, is one of the most notable of the Black Madonnas of France. She is said to have been performing miracles since 878 and is believed to have saved Montpellier from drought and plague.

Other famous Black Madonnas are found scattered throughout Europe, with some of the most notable examples in Germany, Belgium, Italy, Switzerland, and Poland. Of the hundreds of Black Madonnas which presently exist at assorted shrines in Europe, some are especially significant.

Our Lady of Hal, in the Church of St. Martin, just outside of Brussels, Belgium, dating from the early thirteenth century, is made of walnut, is believed to have defended the town on numerous occasions. Her visitors have included Henry VIII of England and Louis XII of France. The Black Madonna is believed to have saved Brussels from attackers in 1580, when she intercepted numerous cannon balls in her lap. The cannon balls can still be seen on display in the church. She is believed to heal sickness and restore the dead and buried to life. Her pilgrimage and procession are on the first Sunday in September.

Our Lady of the Hermits in Einsiedeln, Switzerland ranks as one of the most venerated of all Madonnas. Located in a Benedictine abbey, her titles include Die Schwarze Madonna, Madonna in the Dark Wood, and Our Dear Lady of Einsiedeln. She is a standing statue four feet tall. The Black Saint Maurice is one of the patrons of the Church.

Our Lady of Jasna Gora. Czestochowa, Poland.

And probably the most famous Black Madonna image in the world is Our Lady of Jasna Gora (dubbed the Queen of Poland by King John Casimir in 1656) in the Jasna Gora monastery at Czestochowa, Poland. Painted on three pieces of wood (either lime or cypress or cedar), the Black Madonna at Czestochowa, supposedly discovered in Jerusalem, arrived at the Jasna Gora monastery in the fourteenth century. Since her arrival her offerings have included thousands of diamonds and rubies, hundreds of pearls, and dozens of emeralds and sapphires.

Bruised, slashed, and battered, paraded before victorious armies, the Queen of Poland has gone through many restorations and has always kept her dark complexion. More than 800 copies of the Black Madonna of Czestochowa exist. Millions of visitors a year come to see her.

 

*Runoko Rashidi is an historian, lecturer and world traveler. He is the author of Black Star over Europe and African Star over Asia. To get information about Runoko, his tours, lectures and books, go to http://www.travelwithrunoko.com.

From http://atlantablackstar.com/2014/03/26/black-madonnas-europe-miracle-workers-holy-icons/

How Australia Continues to ‘Breed Out the Color’ of Its Aboriginal Population

The theft of Aboriginal children is more widespread than at any time during the last century.

As of June last year, almost 14,000 Aboriginal children had been “removed.” This is five times the number when “Bringing Them Home” was written. More than a third of all removed children are Aboriginal — from three percent of the population. At the present rate, this mass removal of Aboriginal children will result in a stolen generation of more than 3,300 children in the Northern Territory alone.

I met a group of Aboriginal grandmothers, all survivors of the first stolen generation, all now with stolen grandchildren. “We live in a state of fear, again,” they said. David Shoebridge, a State Greens MP told me, “The truth is, there is a market among whites for these kids, especially babies.”

The New South Wales parliament is soon to debate legislation that introduces forced adoption and “guardianship.” Children under two will be liable — without the mother’s consent — if “removed” for more than six months. For many Aboriginal mothers like Pat, it can take six months merely to make contact with their children. “It’s setting up Aboriginal families to fail,” said Shoebridge.

This happened to an Aboriginal family in outback New South Wales. It is happening across Australia in a scandalous and largely unrecognized abuse of human rights that evokes the infamous Stolen Generation of the last century. Up to the 1970s, thousands of mixed race children were stolen from their mothers by welfare officials. The children were given to institutions as cheap or slave labor; many were abused.

Described by a Chief Protector of Aborigines as “breeding out the color”, the policy was known as assimilation. It was influenced by the same eugenics movement that inspired the Nazis. In 1997, a landmark report, “Bringing Them Home”, disclosed that as many 50,000 children and their mothers had endured “the humiliation, the degradation and sheer brutality of the act of forced separation … the product of the deliberate, calculated policies of the state.” The report called this genocide.

Read more at http://www.alternet.org/news-amp-politics/breeding-out-color-aboriginal-child-kidnapping-alive-and-well-australia?page=0%2C1&paging=off&current_page=1#bookmark

Marijuana Medicine’s Near-Miraculous Healing Powers Require the Whole Plant—Not Just One Oil Extract

CBD-only laws are a pretext to extend marijuana prohibition under the guise of ‘protecting the children.’

The case of Jayden David, a child stricken with Dravet’s Syndrome, is instructive. In 2011, five-year-old Jayden, who had been on 22 pills per day, was given a CBD-infused tincture, which his father obtained from the Harborside Health Center, a medical marijuana dispensary in Oakland. The CBD remedy worked wonders. For the next several months the boy with intractable epilepsy was largely seizure-free. Featured on national television, the story of Jayden’s transformation was the first broadcast that drew attention to the remarkable medicinal properties of cannabidiol.

But the story doesn’t end there. In due course, it became evident to Jason David, Jayden’s devoted father, that sometimes his son responded better when more THC was added to the cannabis solution. If Jayden lived in a state with a CBD-only law rather than cutting edge California, he’d be out of luck, unable to legally access the medicine that keeps him alive. Many pediatric epilepsy patients would not be well served by CBD-only legislation. Nor would cancer patients, chronic pain suffers, and people with Alzheimer’s and autoimmune disorders.

Scientific research has established that CBD and THC interact synergistically and potentiate each other’s therapeutic effects. And marijuana contains several hundred other compounds, including flavonoids, terpenes, and dozens of minor cannabinoids in addition to CBD and THC. Each of these compounds has particular healing attributes, but when combined they create what scientists refer to as an “entourage effect,” so that the therapeutic impact of the whole plant exceeds the sum of its parts. Therein lies the basic fallacy of the CBD-only position.

http://www.alternet.org/drugs/marijuana-medicines-near-miraculous-healing-powers-require-whole-plant-not-just-one-oil?paging=off&current_page=1#bookmark

Your iPhone is Fueling Genocides in Africa

The iPhone and other Apple products have the conflict mineral Coltan in them. Coltan is heat resistant, and ideal for transmitting electric charges. This mineral is rare, expensive (a mine can be worth hundreds of millions of US dollars), and prevalent in war torn Congo. Since 1998, 5-7 million people have died in an ongoing civil war being fought, largely, over control of the mines. The mineral can be found in most electronics company’s products, but Apple is the world’s biggest and should start the trend of boycotting conflict minerals.

Read here for more dirty secrets Apple doesn’t want you to know: http://likes.com/tech/dirty-secrets-apple-doesnt-want-you-knowing?v=v1hMuRzKDP69g

The Most Violent Prison Gang in America is…

The Aryan Brotherhood is the biggest white supremacist gang in the US prison system. They make up less than 1% of the inmate population but are responsible for 20% of murders in US prisons.

http://likes.com/misc/prison-tattoos-and-their-secret-meanings?page=8&v=81ftMyrDKAnZ1