Hidden History: West Africa’s Nok Civilization

There can have been few archaeological discoveries made as a direct result of open-cast metal mining which have given such a revealing and intimate picture of a completely unsuspected yet widespread culture as those made at Nok, which is situated very close indeed to the geographical center of Nigeria.

The discovery was only fully appreciated in 1944, when an exceptionally fine head in Terra cotta was found twenty-five feet deep during tin-mining in the hills close to Jemaa. This was found to bear a striking stylistic resemblance to a small monkey’s head which had been dug up many years before at Nok itself …. The area in which the Nok culture has so far been found, and this we believe may be only a fraction of its actual distribution, has already spread to an area of three hundred miles by one hundred miles lying across the Niger and Benue valleys, mostly north of the confluence ….

[In 1956] we excavated two large cuts, or “paddocks,” in the area reserved for archaeological research at Nok and in the second were successful in finding substantial pieces of trunk wood in situ in the heart of the gray clay, in the youngest deposits in fact which had so far produced figurines. An analysis of these specimens gave the satisfactory date of approximately A.D. 200. Specimens from the gravels below in which figurine material was found gave a date of approximately 900 B.C. … It is now therefore an acceptable hypothesis that the Nok Culture flourished at least during the latter half of the first millennium B.C. and for some centuries into the Christian era. How much later the style persisted it is not yet possible to say, but evidence is now building up to indicating that the art style of the Nok Culture must have survived very much longer ….

There is now every reason to hope that further finds both in the area of the Nok Culture and in more or less dateable deposits in Yorubaland, Benin and elsewhere on the West Coast will confirm the basic homogeneity of so much of West African sculpture and its derivation from a traditional complex going back at least two thousand years, and at the same time will dispose of the widely held hypothesis that the Ife-Benin complex owes its syle and inspiration to origins outside West Africa(B.A.B. Fagg) All the bronzes so far known from Ife (apart from some evidently recent work) are in the naturalistic style, of which far more numerous examples have survived in terra-cotta. A study of the terra-cotta figures reveals stylistic affinities with those of the Nok Culture, already known from a large part of Northern Nigeria, but probably in reality even more widespread. Radio-carbon samples from the type-site suggest that the terra-cotta figures began to be made some time after 900 B.C., probably by a neolithic or early metal-age people; and that the culture may have continued to produce terra-cottas after A.D. 200 …. It looks very much as if the art of Ife developed from that of the Nok….

In Ife there are examples of terra-cottas which are almost certainly post classical, and lead on to the modern Yoruba style. In due time we may hope to find more examples of terra-cottas to illustrate the stages of development from the Nok to the classical Ife style. some of the sites which have produced Nok terra-cottas may be substantially later than the type-site itself,whilst we know that the apogee of the naturalistic style at Ife was not later than the middle of the fourteenth century. The interval between these tow dates represent a crucial phase in the history of most major peoples of Nigeria, to judge by traditions. In the case of the Yoruba, it seems likely that small but influential group of people came into Nigeria during this period and established themselves as rulers over an indigenous iron-using population making Nok terra-cottas ….

Frank Willet informs us that: “As yet there is no direct evidence of who these [newcomers] were, where they came from, when. They seem to have come from the east or the northeast, possibly from Meroe, which collapsed in the early fourth century, or perhaps they came a few centuries later from Zaghawa or from Christian Nubia. The Yoruba migration legends, both those about their origin and those of diffusion within Nigeria, almost certainly refer only to the ruling group. Yoruba Civilization appears therefore to be the result of a small intrusive ruling class, bringing ideas from outside, with a highly artistic indigenous population. T

he resulting social pattern seems to have borne some resemblance to that of the City States of Ancient Greece, but the unique achievement of the Yoruba was to have possessed such an evolved urban civilization without the knowledge of writing.” This ought to be investigated further as to what writing might have been to modern society, so was oral tradition(through the griots and the like) and the drum messaging been the means of writing-pre-writing.

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10 Arguments That Prove Ancient Egyptians Were Black: Atlanta Blackstar

“Even today, a significant number of mainstream Egyptologists, anthropologists, historians and Hollywood moviemakers continue to deny African people’s role in humankind’s first and greatest civilization in ancient Egypt.” –Andre Moore

Click on the evidence that you would like to read about:

1.  Physical Anthropology Evidence

2.  Melanin Dosage Test

3.  Osteological Evidence

4.  Evidence from Blood Types

5.  The Egyptians as They Saw Themselves

6.  Cultural Unity of Egypt With The Rest of Africa

7.  Divine Epithets

8.  Evidence from The Bible

9.  Linguistic Unity with Southern and Western Africa

10.  Testimony of Classical Greek and Roman Historians

BONUS:  DNA Evidence

Click here for more details of Cheikh Anta Diop‘s research.

From Moore, Andre.  “10 Arguments That Prove Ancient Egyptians Were Black”.  Atlanta Blackstar.  25.10.2013

But remember, Kemet Heads:  AFRICA IS BIGGER THAN KEMET!!!

For further proofs about the Ancient Egyptians, read:  “Proof Ancient Egypt Was A Nordic Empire

Proof Ancient Egypt was a Nordic Empire ;)

The ancient Egyptians were white.  Some even claim that they were Nordic.  The mummy of the Pharaoh Ramses II is indisputable proof.

caucasian 1

Afro-centrists aren’t getting around this one.  Only “white” people have these facial features:

caucasian 2

And the winners of “The Ramses II Look-Alike Contest” are…

[drumroll]

ramses lookalile

…all blonde, white, Nordic, Germanic, Teutonic Danish Vikings!

Funny, I don't FEEL Nordic...
Funny, I don’t FEEL Nordic…

See Ramses come face-to-face (literally) with modern northeast African men for a comparison (skip to 4:30):

Egypt (Ta-Merry, Ta-Nehisi, Meroe, Kemet) had Black natives, but it was a crossroads of cultures.  So let’s just play devil’s advocate, and argue that  Ramses was “white”:

American President Barack Obama is “black” (actually half “white”, so technically grey).  If people exhume his remains, and those of his wife and children 2,000 years from now, sequence their genomes and measure their skulls, should they conclude that all Americans throughout its history were “black”? 

Sounds stupid, doesn’t it?

Not every ruler, or person living in Egypt, was originally from Egypt (that’s certainly the case today).  Some dynasties were west Asian, like the Greek Ptolemaic Dynasty.  Persians ruled Egypt from time to time, as did Turkic Muslims and Romans.  And nobody knows where the Hyksos came from, but they were “white”.  The native Egyptians were “black” Africans, but there were “white” people in Egypt (similar to America or Brazil with their natives marginalized to the point of invisibility by a cosmopolitan mix of invaders.)i

Here’s the real, real truth:  You know very little about race, and what you (think you) know doesn’t benefit you:

Common Racial Notions

  1. “Black” people have broad noses, woolly hair and full lips.

caucasian 3

2. “White” people have long, lank hair blond, and blue, green and hazel eyes.

caucasian 4

3.  (East) Asians have “slanted”* eyes.

*epicanthic fold

caucasian 5

By that “logic”, this is a White Black Man…

middle

…and this is a Black White Man…

black- straight hair, thin features

 

And these are…  ??

pale, straight blond hair

Back to the Original Topic

They were Northeast Africans, meaning they typically exhibited dark skin, gracile musculature, wavy to kinky hair, and often had “negroid” facial features:

akhenaten
Akhenaten, Father of Tutankhamen

Amāna- ātpa (Amenhotep III, Amenophis III;
Amāna- ātpa (Amenhotep III, Amenophis III; “Amun is Satisfied”)
Never make the mistake of thinking Egypt was the Origin of knowledge and understanding... It was the last of the African dynasties.
Never make the mistake of thinking Egypt was the Origin of knowledge and understanding… It was the last of the African dynasties.