What Ethnicity was Muhammad?

Skin color and physical features, especially of the prophets, were a part of early Islamic teachings, so they are still important today.  Much is known about the ethnicity of Prophet Muhammad’s ancestors, and the inmarriage practiced by his clan means we can reliably guess what his was as well.

“Race Doesn’t Matter In Islam.”

This is a popular mantra in the Muslim community.  But is it Islamically sound?

No, for Prophet Muhammad taught his followers extensively about what we use to define ‘race’ today, such as skin color, hair texture, and genealogy.  And, as with all his teachings, he commanded them to convey them to others:

 

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr: The Prophet said, “Convey (my teachings) to the people even if it were a single sentence, and tell others the stories of People of Israel (which have been taught to you), for it is not sinful to do so. And whoever tells a lie on me intentionally, will surely take his place in the (Hell) Fire.” (Sahih Bukhari. Hadith 3202)

 

In particular, he taught about the appearance of the prophets:

 

Moses was of brown complexion, straight hair and tall stature as if he was from the people of Az-Zutt.” (Bukhaari Volume 4, Book 55, Number 648)

 

This is a reference to a specific ethnic type with which the listeners would obviously have been familiar.  The same happens in the next narration:

 

The Prophet (Muhammad) said “The prophet Moses was brown, a tall person as if from the people of the tribe of Shanu’a. Jesus was a curly-haired man of moderate height…” (Bukhaari Volume 4, Book 55, Number 608)

 

At times, he even praised the skin color of the person in question:

 

“I saw in my dream a man of brown color the best one can see amongst brown color and his hair was long that it fell between his shoulders. His hair was lank and water was dribbling from his head and he was placing his hands on the shoulders of two men while circumambulating the Kaba. I asked, ‘Who is this?’ They replied, ‘This is Jesus, son of Mary.’” (Prophet Muhammad) Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 649

 

His companions faithfully recorded and related these teachings, as commanded, and even corrected each other about them:

 

No, By Allah, the Prophet did not tell that Jesus was of red complexion but said, “While I was asleep circumambulating the Ka’ba (in my dream), suddenly I saw a man of brown complexion and lank hair walking between two men, and water was dropping from his head. I asked, ‘Who is this?’ The people said, ‘He is the son of Mary.’ Then I looked behind and I saw a red-complexioned, fat, curly-haired man, blind in the right eye which looked like a bulging out grape. I asked, ‘Who is this?’ They replied, ‘He is Ad-Dajjal.’  (Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 650)

 

In Islamic eschatology (end times theology) both Jesus and the Dajjal (Anti-Christ) will appear, so it could be said that skin color was only discussed to allow believers to be able to distinguish the two.  However, this does not explain descriptions of Jesus’ skin color where mention of the Dajjal is absent, nor those of Moses, who does not figure in Islamic eschatology.

 

If skin color and ethnicity were not important in Islam, then the Messenger would not have spoken about them.

That is, unless one wants to claim that Prophet Muhammad spoke idly and vainly to his followers.  But that would be saying that he adopted a type of speech forbidden in the same Quran which he recited to them, which praises him as the best example.  This, would be tantamount to blasphemy.

It has to be accepted, then, that race, specifically the race of the prophets, is a valid and necessary topic.  Claiming otherwise is slanderous and self-contradictory.  Non-Muslim readers can rest assured that studying the ‘race’, ethnicity and appearance of Prophet Muhammad is neither an offense to Muslims, nor Islam.

 

The ethnic make-up and appearance of the prophets is a valid and important topic, and those of the greatest and final prophet all the more so.

 

 

Introduction

Muhammad was a member of the tribe of Quraysh.  The progenitors of this tribe were Ibrahim (Abraham) and Hajr’s (Hagar’s) son Ismail (Ishmael) and his wife from the Arab tribe Jurhum.

 

This paper will alternate between narrative of the amalgamation of these individuals and peoples and exposition of their ethnic types according to contemporary and modern historians and geneticists.  To illustrate, self-depictions of the relevant groups as well as illustrations consistent with the given descriptions will be included as well.

 

 

Ibrahim’s Ethnic Type:  Akkadian = Sumerian + Semitic

 

Ibrahim was born in a house of idolaters in the ancient city of Ur, in the Mesopotamian plains of Babylonia (present-day Iraq). The language that was spoken at the time was Akkadian (wikipedia).  The empire united all the indigenous Akkadian-speaking Semites and the Sumerian speakers for the first time under one rule.

 

 

Sumerian Ethnic Type

The earliest civilization of Mesopotamia was that of the Sumerians. They are designated in the Assyrio-Babylonian inscriptions as the black-heads or black-faced people, and they are shown on the monuments as beardless and with shaven heads. This easily distinguishes them from the Semitic Babylonians, who are shown with beards and long hair. From the myths and traditions of the Babylonians we learn that their culture came originally from the south. Sir Henry Rawlinson concluded from this and other evidence that the first civilized inhabitants of Sumer and Akkad were immigrants from the African Ethiopia. John D. Baldwin, the American Orientalist, on the other hand, claims that since ancient Arabia was also known as Ethiopia, they could have just as well come from that country.  (Jackson 1939)

(The Identity of the Sumerians As Seen In Ancient Art)

 

Semitic Ethnic Type

 

Enter a caption

 

Image of Israelites from the time of the Assyrian Empire

 

Semitic Genetic Marker:  The Cohen Haplotype-

Discovered in 1997 by Jewish scientists, this paternal genetic marker (it is found on the Y-chromosome) has a high frequency among the Jewish (Askenazi and Sephardic) priesthood (Cohanim) and is thought to be a signature of ancient Hebrew ancestry.  The haplotype (CMH) is indeed part of a haplogroup (Hg J) that originated in Black Arabia or Afrabia ca 30 kya (thousand years ago) and in high frequencies is believed to indicate “Semitism.”

Image of Israelites from the time of the Assyrian Empire

 

There was a further “discovery” that the “purest” surviving remnant of the Children of Israel identified by CMH tests is the tribe of Black Jews in India, the Bene Israel and the Black Jews of Cochin, who show a genetic affinity not only to Ethiopians and Yemenis, but also to the tribe of Black Jews in South Africa, the Lemba, whose relation to the ancient Hebrews has also been confirmed by the presence of high frequencies of the CMH. (Muhammad 2010)

 

Bene Israel (India)

 

Ethiopian Jews
Yemeni Jews

 

Lemba Jews (southern Africa)

 

Ibraheem’s Migration to Egypt & Marriage to Hajr

 

Ibrahim’s father or uncle was an idol-maker.  Rejecting this religion, he called him and all their people to Islam, they violently rejected him.  After a miraculous rescue from a bonfire meant to kill him, he fled to Egypt.

 

It should not be a surprise that he went there, because Sumer had historic ties to ancient Egypt (Kemet), so it was a likely place of refuge, because he wouldn’t have been a complete outsider in a place where he had cultural and linguistic ties:

 

“…from their beginnings the Sumerians seem to have been in touch with Egypt. Some of their early texts mention Dilmun, Magan and Meluhha. … Dilmun was the first settlement that was made by the god Enki, who was the founder of Sumerian civilization. … Magan was famous among the Sumerians as a place whence they got diorite and copper, Meluhha as a place whence they got gold. Dilmun has been identified with some place or other in the Persian Gulf, perhaps the Bahrein Islands, perhaps a land on the eastern shore of the Gulf. … In a late inscription of the Assyrians it is said that Magan and Meluhha were the archaic names for Egypt and Ethiopia, the latter being the south-western part of Somaliand that lay opposite.” (The Growth of Civilization, pp. 60–61, 2nd Edition, Harmondsworth, Middlesex, England, 1937, Published by Penguin Books, Ltd.)

 

It was there that he married Hajr, and they soon had a son, Ismail (Ishmael), who was Semitic/Sumerian on his father’s side, and Egyptian on his mother’s.

 

 

Hajr’s Ethnic Type

Hajr was the daughter of Egyptian king and second wife of Abraham she was gifted to prophet Abraham from the king of Egypt. (wikipedia)

 

“It seems certain,” declares Sir E. A. Wallis Budge, “that classical historians and geographers called the whole region from India to Egypt, both countries inclusive, by the name of Ethiopia, and in consequence they regarded all the dark-skinned and black peoples who inhabited it as Ethiopians. Mention is made of Eastern and Western Ethiopians and it is probable that the Easterners were Asiatics and the Westerners Africans.” (History of Ethiopia, Vol. I., Preface, by Sir E. A. Wallis Budge.)

 

Black Egyptians | hide caption A bust of the powerful Queen Tiye, King Tut's grandmother ...:

“Not a few writers,” says he, “like the traveler Volney in the 18th century, have expressed the belief that the ancient Egyptians were Negroes, or at any rate strongly Negroid. In recent times even a writer so discriminating as Ripley usually is has given his adhesion to this view.” (The writers referred to here, are Count Volney, the French Orientalist and Professor William Z. Ripley, of Harvard University, an eminent American Anthropologist.)

nefertiti

 

No people have bequeathed to us so many memorials of its form complexion and physiognomy as the Egyptians. … If we were left to form an opinion on the subject by the description of the Egyptians left by the Greek writers we should conclude that they were, if not Negroes, at least closely akin to the Negro race. That they were much darker in coloring than the neighboring Asiatics; that they had their frizzled either by nature or art; that their lips were thick and projecting, and their limbs slender, rests upon the authority of eye-witnesses who had traveled in the country and who could have had no motive to deceive. … The fullness of the lips seen in the Sphinx of the Pyramids and in the portraits of the kings is characteristic of the Negro. (The Ancient History of the East, pp. 25-26, London, 1881.)

 

In the Biblical genealogies, Cush (Ethiopia) and Mizraim (Egypt) are brothers, while from the former sprang Nimrod (Babylonia.)

Mektaten was the second daughter of six born to the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten and his Wife Nefertiti.:

Bust of an Egyptian princess (Akhenaten:  Prophet of Monotheism? )

 

 

Enter Arabia

 

He left with her and their son Ismaa’eel, and they journeyed and journeyed and journeyed on their riding animal through the desert, all the way south to Makka. You have to drive to Makka to appreciate this. It’s in the middle of a desert, not a sand desert, a volcanic field. There’s nothing there but cooled lava, i.e. a bunch of rocks. It is absolutely barren. Then, when they reached where Allaah had told them to reach, Ibraheem dismounted, left his wife and son- can you imagine how hard this would be?- remounted and started to ride away.

 

“Are you really going to leave me here?”

 

He says nothing.

 

“Are you really going to leave me here?”

 

No reply.

 

“Are you really going to leave me here?”

 

Silence. He doesn’t look back. His horse keeps walking.

 

“Did Allaah tell you to leave me here?”

 

“Yes.”

 

“Then we will be fine.”

 

Hajr, may Allaah have mercy on her, had nothing. She saw nothing. She heard nothing. There was nothing. Just a couple of rocky hills, in the middle of a lava field. But this woman had faith. She put her baby down and ran to the top of a hill to look around.

 

Nothing. Nothing but faith. She ran down that one, and up the other one. Nothing. Hungry (not that I-skipped-lunch-‘cause-I-was-busy feeling, REAL hunger). Thirst. And nothing. She ran back down and up again. Then back down and up again. Until she had run up those hills seven times.

 

Then she saw something. The angel Jibreel (a/k/a Gabriel), Allaah’s strong one. He dug with his heel in the ground, and water began to well out. In other narrations it was the writhing of the baby Ismaa’eel which opened this water source.

 

“Zam! Zam! (Stop! Stop!)” she commanded, fearing the spring of water would run itself onto the ground. She then dug a hole around it, so it would become a well. Had she left it, according to a narration attributed to Muhammad, it would be a river right now.

Hoopoe

 

Soon, the Hud-hud (hoopoe) a bird that flies around a source of water, started circling over their two heads. A tribe of Arabs- Jurhum- took note and followed. They were a noble people, so even thought they could have done away with Hajr and her son, they asked for permission to camp near the miraculous water source. Hajr, a young woman, mother of a suckling child, alone in a wasteland, was fearless. She gave them permission, but denied them any rights to ownership of the well.

 

 

Creation of Quraish, Muhammad’s Tribe

The tribe stayed and taught Ismail Arabic (Arabized him).  Soon he married one of them.  Thus began the tribe of Quraish, started by a Semitic-Sumerian prophet, an Egyptian princess, and the noblest of the Arabs.

 

 

Arab Ethnic Type

 

Medieval Arab genealogists divided Arabs into three groups, including the “Pure Arabs” of South Arabia, descending from Qahtan.  The Qahtanites (Qahtanis) are said to have migrated from the land of Yemen following the destruction of the Ma’rib Dam (sadd Ma’rib).

 

Jurhum (also Banu Jurhum) was a Qahtani tribe in the Arabian peninsula. An old Arab tribe, their historical abode was Yemen before they emigrated to Mecca (wikipedia).

 

Discussion of the Arab ethnic type as it concerns Prophet Muhammad, therefore, should focus on this branch of pure, originally southern Arabs.

 

Bertram Thomas, historian and former Prime Minister of Muscat and Oman, reported in his work ‘The Arabs’:

“The original inhabitants of Arabia…were not the familiar Arabs of our time but a very much darker people.  A proto-negroid belt of mankind stretched across the ancient world from Africa to Malaya.  This belt…(gave) rise to the Hamitic peoples of Africa, to the Dravidian peoples of India, and to an intermediate dark people inhabiting the Arabian peninsula.  (Muhammad 2011)

Modern dark-skinned descendants of ancient Arabians like the Qarra and Mahra of Oman told colonial observers they originated in Africa.

Modern dark-skinned descendants of ancient Arabians like the Qarra and Mahra of Oman told colonial observers they originated in Africa.

 

Al-Mubarrad (d. 898), the leading figure in the Basran grammatical tradition, claimed: “The Arabs used to take pride in their brown and black complexion (al-sumra wa al-sawād) and they had a distaste for a white and fair complexion (al-ḥumra wa al-shaqra), and they used to say that such was the complexion of the non-Arabs.”  (Ibn Abī al-Ḥadīd, Sharḥ nahj al-balāghah, V:56) (Muhammad 2013)

 

Ibn Mandhor (1232-1311 A.D.) says in his book Lisan El-Arab:

سبوطة الشعر هي الغالبة علـى شعور العجم من الروم والفرس. و جُعودة الشعر هي الغالبة علـى شعور العرب

“Non-kinky hair is the kind of hair that most non-Arabs like the Romans and Persians have while kinky hair is the kind of hair that most Arabs have.”

true arabs 2

 

 

(l) Yemenite Bronze, Kingdom of Sheba, 715 CE?; (r) modern Arab youth

(l) Yemenite Bronze, Kingdom of Sheba, 715 CE?; (r) modern Arab youth

 

 

Muhammad’s Ethnicity

 

Now we know that the Quraish were a tribe founded by a Sumerian/Semitic/Egytian man and an Arab woman.  Muhammad, may Allah’s peace and Blessings be upon him, was a member of Banu Hashim, a sub-tribe of Quraish known for their strict endogamy (intramarriage within one’s group).  While this practice was prevalent amongst all the Quraysh- Al-Azmeh relates an instance of Qurayshi women marrying outsiders as being “unusual” (Azmeh 160)- the Banu Hashim were particularly known for it.

 

In his 2009 work “Black Arabia and The African Origin of Islam” Dr. Wesley Muhammad quotes Robert F. Spencer as saying: “It is said that the Quraish explained their short stature and dark skin by the fact that they always carefully adhered to endogamy.”  (Muhamad 2013)

 

Therefore, in the ethnic makeup of Prophet Muhammad, the Sumerian, Semitic, Kemetic and pure Arab strains would have been predominate, with outer admixture making up a negligible proportion.

 

 

Conclusions

Not an Arab?

According to the millenia-old Arab concept of patrilineality, Muhammad was not an Arab.

 

Patrilineality, also known as the male line or agnatic kinship, is a common kinship system in which an individual’s family membership derives from and is traced through his or her father’s lineage. (wikipedia)

 

Besides the Arabic language, patrilineality is what defines one as an Arab.

 

Although the Arab world is geographically vast and features considerable sociocultural diversity, its peoples have in common patrilineal kinship, away of organizing kin relations that places emphasis on agnatic descent groups. (King 2005)

 

Muhammad’s patriline leads to Ismail and Abraham, neither of whom were Arab or even part Arab, so the only way to call him an Arab is to negate what defines an Arab.  Expanding the definition of Arab to include anyone who speaks Arabic is dubious, because anyone today can learn Arabic in a matter of months, but that does not suddenly transform their ethnicity.  Arabic is the language of the Arabs, but speaking Arabic doesn’t make someone an Arab:

By way of illustration, it may be pointed out in this connection that English is spoken at the present day by, among others, the Hong Kong Chinamen, the American Red Indians and negroes, by the natives of Ireland, Wales, Cornwall, and the Scottish Highlands, besides the descendants of the ancient Britons, the Jutes, the Angles, the Saxons, the Norsemen, the Danes, and the Normans in England, but all these peoples cannot be classified in the racial sense simply as Englishmen. (MacKenzie 2013)

Similarly, the varied types of humanity who are Arabic in speech cannot all be regarded as representatives of the original, true and native Arabs.

Therefore, by the typical definitions of Arab-ness, Prophet Muhammad, was musta’rab (Arabized), but he was not an Arab.

However, in an authentic narration he did make the unequivocal statement “I am an Arab,” (Jami at-Tirmidhi) so there is a way of defining Arab than the andro-centric concept of today’s self-styled Arabs.

Prophet Muhammad was not pale-skinned (“white”) or light-skinned (“wheatish”)

The endogamy which was strict among the Quraysh and even stricter among Banu Hashim makes it certain that Prophet Muhammad’s phenotype- ethnic appearance- was close to those of the Akkadians, Egyptians and Pure Arabs, as shown in their own self-depictions and historians’ descriptions, shown and illustrated above.  He was undoubtedly a member of the Ethiopian race- dark brown skin, curly hair and a full nose and lips.

Historian Henry Lammens made clear the the endogamy of the Banu Hashim maintained their phenotype.

  • “les Hāśimites, famille où dominait le sang nègre” (“the Hashimites, the family where Black blood dominated”)
  • the Banū Hāshim are “généralement qualifies de ﻢﺪٲ= couleur foncée” (“generally described as ādam = dark colored”).  (Muhammad 2013)

 

It is argued by many, including the famous biograper Martin Lings, that Prophet Muhammad was “white” but with the ability to tan, i.e. wheatish, in color.  His ancestry makes this an impossibility when the endogamy described is taken into consideration.  Dark-skinned people cannot acquire pale skin without considerable exogamy, and, again, this did not happen in the case of Prophet Muhammad’s ancestors.

 

Arguments to this rebuttal may include narrations (hadith, plural ahadith) which describe the prophet as light-skinned, but there are others which confirm an appearance consistent with the ethnicity of his forebears.  It is beyond the scope of this paper to explore the authenticity and reconciliation of possibly conflicting narration, to which branches of Islamic science are devoted, so they will simply be posted here for any curious readers:

 

Al-Tirmidhī (d. 279/892) in his Jami’ al-Ṣāḥīḥ reports on the authority of the famous Companion of the Prophet, Anas b. Malik:

 

“The Messenger of Allah was of medium stature, neither tall nor short, [with] a beautiful, dark brown-complexioned body (ḥasan al-jism asmar al-lawn). His hair was neither curly nor completely straight and when he walked he leant forward.” (VI:69 no. 1754)

 

Ibn Manzur reports in his Lisān al-arab (s.v. سمر IV:376) that

 

“al-sumra [is] a degree between white (al-bayād) and black (al-aswad), and it is that in the context of human complexions, camels, etc.”

 

According to Ibn Athīr, al-sumra’s ‘blackness’ predominates over its ‘whiteness’ (al-sumra alladhī yaghlibu sawāduhu alā bayādihi), and al-Taftāzānī (d. 792/1390) reports in his al-Tahdhīd:

 

‘al-sumra…is a color inclining to a faint blackness (sawadin khafiyin), as in the description of the Prophet: he was brown complexioned (kāna asmar al-lawn)…” Muhammad 2012)

 

——-

References

 

Al-Azmeh, Aziz.  The Emergence of Islam in Late Antiquity: Allah and his people.  Cambridge University Press.  2014.

 

Jackson, John G. “Ethiopia and the Origin of Civilization” (1939); Retrieved 17.12.2014 from http://2017blackart.wordpress.com/2009/11/01/ethiopia-and-the-origin-of-civilization-by-john-g-jackson/

 

King, Diane E. 2005 Kinship and State: Arab States. In Encyclopedia of Women and Islamic Cultures, vol. II: Family, Law, and Politics. Suad Joseph, ed. Pp. 347-349. Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers.

 

Mackenzie, Donald Alexander.  Indian Myth and Legend.  London:  Gresham Publishing Co., Ltd.  1913.  Retrieved from Indian Myth and Legend: Introduction

 

Muhammad, Wesley.  God’s Black Prophets: Deconstructing the Myth of the White Muhammad of Arabia and Jesus of Jerusalem.  A-Team Publishing.  2010.

 

ibid.  ““His Daddy was Black. His Momma was Black. So…” A Look at Prophet Muhammad’s Lineage”.  2013.  Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/5260656/_His_Daddy_was_Black._His_Momma_was_Black._So_A_Look_at_Prophet_Muhammad_s_Lineage

 

ibid.  “How Did Black Arabs Become White?”.  Black Arabia.  Retrieved from http://www.blackarabia.blogspot.com/2011/09/how-did-black-arabs-become-white.html

 

ibid.  “Muhammad: The Black-skinned Prophet of Black Arabia”.  Black Arabia.  Retrieved from http://blackarabia.blogspot.com/2012/02/muhammad-black-skinned-prophet-of-black.html

 

“Arabs”.  Wikipedia.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabs

 

 “Abraham in Islam”.  Wikipedia. Abraham in Islam

 

“Banu Hashim”.  Wikipedia.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banu_Hashim

 

“Hagar in Islam”.  Wikipedia. Hagar in Islam

 

“Jurhum”.  Wikipedia.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jurhum

 

“Patrilineality”.  Wikipedia.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patrilineality

 

Don’t Ever Let Anyone Tell You Who Is Racist- Case Study: WWII

Let’s compare Hitler, allegedly the most racist murderous psychopath of all time, to the “good guys” in the war- Franklin Delano Roosevelt, POTUS and Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of England.

(l-r) Hitler, Roosevelt, Churchill
(l-r) Hitler, Roosevelt, Churchill

Attitude towards Africans

African-Americans were not treated fairly while serving in WW2. For example blacks were organized in segregated units. Blacks were used only in service units. Blacks were also not allowed to command whites.
African-Americans were not treated fairly while serving in WW2. For example blacks were organized in segregated units. Blacks were used only in service units. Blacks were also not allowed to command whites.
African volunteers fought alongside Germans in integrated units

Hitler

Had Fate so willed that the President of the United States during this critical period were someone other than Roosevelt, he might well have been a man capable of adapting the American economy to the needs of the twentieth century and of becoming the greatest President since Lincoln.

Roosevelt

When Roosevelt appointed Hugo Black to the Supreme Court he knew that Black had been a member of the Ku Klux Klan.  In private Roosevelt told Black that “some of his best friends and supporters he had in the state of Georgia were strong members of that organization.” (wikipedia)
fdr

At the 1936 Berlin Olympics, there were German cheers of “Yesseh Oh-vens” or just “Oh-vens” from the crowd. Owens was a true celebrity in Berlin, mobbed by autograph seekers to the point that he complained about all the attention. He later claimed that his reception in Berlin was greater than any other he had ever experienced, and he had been quite popular even before the Olympics.

Back in America, even after ticker-tape parades for Owens in New York City and Cleveland, President Franklin D. Roosevelt never publicly acknowledged Owens’ record-breaking achievements, prompting Owens to declare: “Hitler didn’t snub me – it was FDR who snubbed me.” (The Guardian)
For a post-Olympic reception at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City, the world-famous black athlete was forced to use the freight elevator! (Quora)

In Owens’ own words, “When I came back, after all those stories about Hitler and his snub, I came back to my native country, and I could not ride in the front of the bus. I had to go to the back door. I couldn’t live where I wanted. Now what’s the difference?” (Goodreads)

owens

Churchill

Before becoming Prime Minister, he fought to help England reconquer the Sudan, where he bragged that he personally shot at least three “savages”.

Fighting in Africa
Fighting in Africa

When concentration camps were built in South Africa, for white Boers, he said they produced “the minimum of suffering”. The death toll was almost 28,000, and when at least 115,000 black Africans were likewise swept into British camps, where 14,000 died, he wrote only of his “irritation that Kaffirs [Niggers] should be allowed to fire on white men”. Later, he boasted of his experiences there: “That was before war degenerated. It was great fun”.  (knowlege of self)

Attitude toward Asians

Hitler

  • “The white races did, of course, give some things to the natives, and they were the worst gifts that they could possibly have made, those plagues of our own modern world-materialism, fanaticism, alcoholism and syphilis.”
  • “I have never regarded the Chinese or the Japanese as being inferior to ourselves. They belong to ancient civilizations, and I admit freely that their past history is superior to our own.”
  • “I am sure that the Japanese, the Chinese and the peoples of Islam will always be closer to us than, for example, France, in spite of the fact that we are related by blood.”
  • “You (Indians) are fortunate having been born in a country of glorious cultural traditions and a colossal manpower.” (Quora)

Roosevelt

Roosevelt-mandatd Japanese-American Internment Camp
Roosevelt-mandatd Japanese-American Internment Camp

“Anyone who has traveled to the Far East knows that the mingling of Asiatic blood with European or American blood produces, in nine cases out of ten, the most unfortunate results… In this question, then, of Japanese exclusion from the United States it is necessary only to advance the true reason–the undesirability of mixing the blood of the two peoples. . . . The Japanese people and the American people are both opposed to intermarriage of the two races–there can be no quarrel there.” (The Clearinghouse)

Churchill

(Future) Queen Elizabeth and her uncle (a future king) giving the 'Nazi' salute
(Future) Queen Elizabeth and her uncle (a future king) giving the ‘Nazi’ salute

In the Swat valley, now part of Pakistan, he gladly took part in raids that laid waste to whole valleys, destroying houses and burning crops.

When Mahatma Gandhi launched his campaign of peaceful resistance, Churchill raged that he “ought to be lain bound hand and foot at the gates of Delhi, and then trampled on by an enormous elephant with the new Viceroy seated on its back.” As the resistance swelled, he announced: “I hate Indians. They are a beastly people with a beastly religion.”

In 1943 a famine broke out in Bengal, caused – as the Nobel Prize-winning economist Amartya Sen has proved – by the imperial policies of the British. Up to 3 million people starved to death while British officials begged Churchill to direct food supplies to the region. He bluntly refused. He raged that it was their own fault for “breeding like rabbits”. At other times, he said the plague was “merrily” culling the population.

Nazi Concentration Camp? No, Churchill’s Famine in India

Moral of the Story

Where race issues are concerned, of course there are good “white” people*, just as there are bad “black”** people, but don’t don’t take anyone’s word for who they are.

This isn’t Nazi apologia or revisionist history- Hitler was no “friend of the negro”.  But the butt naked truth is Nazi Germany were tree-hugging hippies compared to their accusers.  The Nazis were in power for about a decade and fought a war in West Asia (“Europe”).  England, America, France, Belgium and [insert West Asian country here] committed genocide for centuries, all over the world.  There’s no comparison.  World War II is over, but the lesson remains:  Don’t fall for the classic boogeyman tactic:  judge for yourself.

Jewish attempts to establish common cause based on mutual victimhood- the “my enemy’s enemy is my friend” approach- is also bogus.  They in fact led the way in our genocide.  They’re the most racist towards Africans.  Never trust the man who tells you he’s your friend.

Africans must do for self.  If you don’t make it, you don’t have it.  Nothing anyone will ever do for you or give will ever suffice you.

*i.e that refuse “white” privilege, oppose “white” supremacy amongst their own people (not just around “blacks”), make meaningful sacrifices and actions, and don’t try to usurp leadership

**i.e. that abandon the opportunity to strive for justice for material gain, or betray just causes for material gain

Ta-Nehisi Coates: African-Americans Experience Racism NOW, not Its “After-Effects”

Obama-era progressives view white supremacy as something awful that happened in the past whose historical vestiges still afflict black people today. They believe we need policies–though not race-specific policies–which address the affliction. I view white supremacy as one of the central organizing forces in American life whose vestiges and practices afflicted black people in the past, continue to afflict black people today, and will likely afflict black people until this country passes into the dust.

There is no evidence that black people are less responsible, less moral, or less upstanding in their dealings with America nor with themselves. But there is overwhelming evidence that America is irresponsible, immoral, and unconscionable in its dealings with black people and with itself. Urging African-Americans to become superhuman is great advice if you are concerned with creating extraordinary individuals. It is terrible advice if you are concerned with creating an equitable society. The black freedom struggle is not about raising a race of hyper-moral super-humans. It is about all people garnering the right to live like the normal humans they are.

http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2014/03/black-pathology-and-the-closing-of-the-progressive-mind/284523/

The USA & 5 Other Nations that Imported West Asians (Europeans) to Whiten the Population

5 Nations that Imported West Asians (“Europeans”) to Whiten the Population

1. USA

The most glaring example of this phenomenon, so obvious you could miss it, is the US of A.

Have you ever considered the logic, if any, behind opening the floodgates to unskilled, illiterate Central and Southwest Asians (a/k/a Eastern & Southern Europeans) in the late 19th and early 20th centuries?  I mean, there were enough Blacks in the South, Native Americans everywhere, and East Asians in the West to do any needed work, who were already citizens, and knew the language, right?

The issue was quality, not quantity.  Black men and women, teeming masses of skilled, energetic people who had just fought and won their freedom in the biggest slave revolt you’ve never heard of, a/k/a the Civil War, were poised to take over.

The problem of open competition with “blacks” had been anticipated.  Abraham Lincoln, the racist White Savior, after ‘freeing’ Africans from states that weren’t even under his jurisdiction, had proposed to ship them to Central America.

He said

“It is still in our power to direct the process of emancipation, and deportation, peaceably, and in such slow degrees, as that the evil will wear off insensibly; and in their places be, pari passu [on an equal basis], filled up by free white laborers.”

And,

“As long as blacks continue to live with the whites they constitute a threat to the national life. Family life may also collapse and the increase of mixed breed bastards may some day challenge the supremacy of the white man.”

This is the fear of many “white” people until today, in fact, and the difference then was that it was something they would openly talk about.

Mass deportation didn’t happen, and America was too war weary to wipe them out like the Native Americans, so they had to dilute the population by replacing the millions of “white” men who died in the war with “‘white’-enough” immigrants, including Roman Catholic Irish, for whom the first English word they would ever know would be “nigger.” Daniel Taj-Akoben Oliver’s answer to At what point did Irish people become ‘White’ Americans and not an undesirable minority?

5.  Australia

4.  South Africa

3.  Jamaica

2.  Cuba

1.  Brazil

Capitalism: Colorblind Racism in Post-Racial America

“You can’t have capitalism without racism” (Malcolm X)

The neoliberal debt system increases inequality by moving financial resources toward the top.

Vaguely liberal ideals of freedom manifest as the belief that opportunities should be equal, but not intentionally expanded, tying right into the idea that things are just the way they are. The “it is what it is” approach lends to beliefs that poverty is cultural, and if people changed their habits they would advance. And, of course, this goes hand in hand with the idea that blacks do not experience discrimination, a belief with which 83% of whites agree. According to Bonilla-Silva “together these frames form an impregnable yet elastic wall that barricades whites from the United States’ racial reality.’

50 years after Civil Rights, 150 years after the Emancipation Proclamation, and during the first black presidency, white Americans currently hold at least 19 times the wealth of African-Americans (Kochhar 2010: 3).  Put into perspective, in 1984 the ratio was 12 to 1, dipping to 7 to 1 in 1995, jumping to an astonishing 19 to 1 in 2009, and is probably even greater now.

We don’t often talk about how the neoliberal construct of perpetual indebtedness to non-human financial entities has created a populous so focused on debts “owed” to Wall Street that we have no collective memory of any other kinds of debts.  This process would be visible if it were not for the invisibility of race and the ideologies of colorblindness that accomplish that invisibility.

READ MORE…

Unemployed Black Woman Pretends to be White, Job Offers Suddenly Skyrocket

If you don’t believe that racism in the job market is real, then please read this article by Yolanda Spivey.  Spivey, who was seeking work in the insurance industry, found that she wasn’t getting any job offers.  But as an experiment, she changed her name to Bianca White, to see if employers would respond differently.  You’ll be shocked and amazed by her phenomenal story. 

Before I begin, let me quote the late, great, Booker T. Washington who said, “Of all forms of slavery there is none that is so harmful and degrading as that form of slavery which tempts one human being to hate another by reason of his race or color.”

For two years, I have been unemployed. In the beginning, I applied to more than three hundred open positions in the insurance industry—an industry that I’ve worked in for the previous ten years. Not one employer responded to my resume. So, I enrolled back into college to finish my degree. After completing school this past May, I resumed my search for employment and was quite shocked that I wasn’t getting a single response. I usually applied for positions advertised on the popular website Monster.com. I’d used it in the past and have been successful in obtaining jobs through it.

Two years ago, I noticed that Monster.com had added a “diversity questionnaire” to the site. This gives an applicant the opportunity to identify their sex and race to potential employers. Monster.com guarantees that this “option” will not jeopardize your chances of gaining employment. You must answer this questionnaire in order to apply to a posted position—it cannot be skipped. At times, I would mark off that I was a Black female, but then I thought, this might be hurting my chances of getting employed, so I started selecting the “decline to identify” option instead. That still had no effect on my getting a job. So I decided to try an experiment: I created a fake job applicant and called her Bianca White.

First, I created an email account and resume for Bianca. I kept the same employment history and educational background on her resume that was listed on my own. But I removed my home phone number, kept my listed cell phone number, and changed my cell phone greeting to say, “You have reached Bianca White. Please leave a message.” Then I created an online Monster.com account, listed Bianca as a White woman on the diversity questionnaire, and activated the account.

That very same day, I received a phone call. The next day, my phone line and Bianca’s email address, were packed with potential employers calling for an interview. I was stunned. More shocking was that some employers, mostly Caucasian-sounding women, were calling Bianca more than once, desperate to get an interview with her. All along, my real Monster.com account was open and active; but, despite having the same background as Bianca, I received no phone calls. Two jobs actually did email me and Bianca at the same time. But they were commission only sales positions. Potential positions offering a competitive salary and benefits all went to Bianca.

At the end of my little experiment, (which lasted a week), Bianca White had received nine phone calls—I received none. Bianca had received a total of seven emails, while I’d only received two, which again happen to have been the same emails Bianca received. Let me also point out that one of the emails that contacted Bianca for a job wanted her to relocate to a different state, all expenses paid, should she be willing to make that commitment. In the end, a total of twenty-four employers looked at Bianca’s resume while only ten looked at mines.

Is this a conspiracy, or what? I’m almost convinced that White Americans aren’t suffering from disparaging unemployment rates as their Black counterpart because all the jobs are being saved for other White people.

My little experiment certainly proved a few things. First, I learned that answering the diversity questionnaire on job sites such as Monster.com’s may work against minorities, as employers are judging whom they hire based on it. Second, I learned to suspect that resumes with ethnic names may go into the wastebasket and never see the light of day.

Other than being chronically out of work, I embarked on this little experiment because of a young woman I met while I was in school. She was a twenty-two-year-old Caucasian woman who, like myself, was about to graduate. She was so excited about a job she had just gotten with a well-known sporting franchise. She had no prior work experience and had applied for a clerical position, but was offered a higher post as an executive manager making close to six figures. I was curious to know how she’d been able to land such a position. She was candid in telling me that the human resource person who’d hired her just “liked” her and told her that she deserved to be in a higher position. The HR person was also Caucasian.

Another reason that pushed me to do this experiment is because of the media. There’s not a day that goes by in which I fail to see a news program about how tough the job market is. Recently, while I was watching a report on underemployed and underpaid Americans, I saw a middle aged White man complaining that he was making only $80,000 which was $30,000 less than what he was making before. I thought to myself that in this economy, many would feel they’d hit the jackpot if they made 80K a year.

In conclusion, I would like to once again quote the late, great, Booker T. Washington when he said, “You can’t hold a man down without staying down with him.”

The more America continues to hold back great candidates based on race, the more our economy is going to stay in a rut. We all need each other to prosper, flourish, and to move ahead.

FROM:  http://www.techyville.com/2012/11/news/unemployed-black-woman-pretends-to-be-white-job-offers-suddenly-skyrocket/

P.S.  A lot of comments showed doubts that racism against Black women still exists.  This very important blog post shows how strong- and open– racism against black women still is- world wide…

Can a Sista Get Some Love?: Dark-Skinned Women in the Media Dark-skinned women- of all races- are portrayed as ugly, dumb, miserable & as sexual objects. Why? And what are the implications?
Can a Sista Get Some Love?: Dark-Skinned Women in the Media
Dark-skinned women- of all races- are portrayed as ugly, dumb, miserable & as sexual objects.
Why?
And what are the implications?

The racism against Black men in America is also alive and very real.  It is no less than a threat to their very existence.  SEE THIS POST…

The black race, no exaggeration, is being threatened with extinction.  Starvation and famine in Africa, Black-on-black homicide (across the diaspora) AND white-on-black homicide, higher rates of at-risk factors, disproportionate rates of imprisonment and execution- what do these all point to?  A faster rate of extinction.
The black race, no exaggeration, is being threatened with extinction. Starvation and famine in Africa, Black-on-black homicide (across the diaspora) AND white-on-black homicide, higher rates of at-risk factors, disproportionate rates of imprisonment and execution- what do these all point to? A faster rate of extinction.

Neurology, Racism and Exposure to Diversity

The amygdala, “a brain structure associated, specifically, with the detection of threats,” is active, on average, when White people see Black faces.

White people who grow up in more diverse environments show a much weaker reaction than those in homogeneous ones.

READ MORE…