Pale Skin: An Adaptation?

 Pale-skin is no more adapted to cold, dark climates than it is to anywhere else.

Contrary to popular claims, pale skin is not an adaptation to lack of sunlight.  If that were so, then the darkest places in West Asia (“Europe”), which have the world’s palest people, wouldn’t have the highest rates of skin cancer.  If pale skin “evolved” because people needed to absorb more sunlight rather than be protected from it, then the sparse sunlight of northwest Asia (northern “Europe”) would not harm the pale people there.  But this is not so.  In fact, that is the place of the highest rates of skin cancer:

melanoma europe

It should be noted that, this is an EU map, and Norway is not part of the EU.  If it were, it would likely be amongst the other northern countries (Sweden,Denmark & Finland) with the highest skin cancer rates.

Now the following maps does not list country names, but if you have some knowledge of where the previous chart’s leading countries for skin cancer are, you will see that they coincide with paler skin (1st map below) and paler eyes & hair (2nd map below).

skin color map hair and eye color

So if pale skin were an adaptation to sparse sunlight, then why are pale-skinned people so ill-adapted?

And if you don’t need skin color to be protected from the sun in dark, cold, snowy climates, then how do you explain snowburn?

http://www.thephora.net/forum/archive/index.php/t-97822.html
http://www.thephora.net/forum/archive/index.php/t-97822.html

You’ve heard this “theory” many times, but it’s simply not true.  If it were so, Far West Asian (Western “European”) explorers would not have needed winter clothes in South America while brown-skinned natives went naked:

Despite the extremely cold climate in which they lived, early Yahgan wore little to no clothing until after their extended contact with Europeans.[5] They were able to survive the harsh climate because:

  1. They kept warm by huddling around small fires when they could, including in their boats to stay warm. The name of “Tierra del Fuego” (land of fire) was based on the many fires seen by passing European explorers.

  2. They made use of rock formations to shelter from the elements.

  3. They covered themselves in animal grease.[6]

  4. Over time, they had evolved significantly higher metabolisms than average humans, allowing them to generate more internal body heat.[7]

  5. Their natural resting position was a deep squatting position, which reduced their surface area and helped to conserve heat.” (wikipedia)

This is what cold-adapted humans look like:

Yaghan Family
Yaghan Family

And if paleness were an adaptation to cold and lack of sunlight, then why aren’t native Siberians and Alaskans pale?

alaskanAlaska_Nunivak

Alaska_3

(Photos from Real History Worldwide)

White Skin for a Black Sun?

black sun

Pale-skinned people need as much- or more- protection from the cold than everyone else.  And even in the darkest of places, their skin is still not protected from the sun.  So neither the pale skin, nor the relatively narrower facial features, nor any musculo-skeletal or cranial features of the “white” “race” are an adaptation to cold.

Pale skin is not suited to sunlight, at least not the light of this sun.  So why do people keep claiming that it is?  Perhaps the reference is not to this sun, but the Black Sun of Theosophy & Esoteric ‘Nazism’/Esoteric Hitlerism, popularized in the Soundgarden hit “Black Hole Sun”?

black hole sun

Could the source of energy and life on earth have once been another sun, to which pale skin was suited?   Could the earth have later broken away somehow until being captured by the gravity of our current star?  That would certainly make sense out legends of floods and underground civilizations, and the documented Ice Age and need of West Asians (“Europeans”) to live in caves.  Here’s an interesting video about life on earth between suns:

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Melanin: More or Less…

We humans are mesmerized by melanin, the pigment that gives color to our skin, but almost always for quite the wrong reasons.

Clearly melanin is a handy and fascinating compound, with an intriguing evolutionary history. But because its effects are so visible in our skin, it has for centuries been made to bear an utterly undeserved burden of sociological and political significance. As is detailed elsewhere in this issue, there are far more genetic differences among the people who make up these arbitrary constructs we call races than there are differences between races. It is time to move away from simplistic efforts to explain all our differences in terms of just one molecule and to pay attention to the tens of thousands of other molecules that make up our wondrously complex cells–and selves.

Neuromelanin isn’t obviously related to skin pigment.  People with albinism, who have no melanin in their skin, hair, or eyes, have normal amounts of melanin in their brain cells.

As for the real significance of brain melanin, the jury is still out–we have no idea what it does. We do know that a lot of it is found in the substantia nigra (the “black substance”), a darkly colored structure buried deep in the brain that makes dopamine. We also know that melanin- rich cells in the substantia nigra are the ones most likely to be destroyed in people who have Parkinson’s disease, resulting in tremors and rigidity. But whether this preferential destruction is due to some property of the neuromelanin or is the result of some other process that just happens to destroy neuromelanin-rich cells is not yet clear. What is clear is that.

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Light Skin Comes from Asia

About 20,000 years ago, a person lived somewhere in the Middle East or Central Asia who bequeathed the genetic coding variant for lighter skin not only to all Europeans, but also many Indian people.

“We don’t know if this human dwelt in Mesopotamia, Iran, or the valley of Fergana, but clearly that’s where the light skin color has its beginnings,” said Richard Villems, a professor of archaeogenetics at the University of Tartu.

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