The World as a Classroom: Toward Using Indigenous Knowledge Systems

Native people have traditionally acquired their knowledge through direct experience in the natural environment.

For them, the particulars come to be understood in relation to the whole, and the “laws” are continually tested in the context of everyday survival.

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West Asian science and education tend to emphasize compartmentalized knowledge which is often decontextualized and taught in the detached setting of a classroom or laboratory.

Image result for high school dissecting frogs

In the traditional Native sense, competency has an unequivocal relationship to survival or extinction. You either have it, or you don’t, and survival is the ultimate measure.

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In western terms, competency is based on predetermined ideas of what a person should know, which is then measured indirectly through various forms of “objective” tests. Such an approach does not address whether that person is really capable of putting the knowledge into practice. 

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Native people do a form of “science” when they are involved in subsistence activities.

They have studied and know a great deal about the flora and fauna, and they have their own classification systems and versions of meteorology, physics, chemistry, earth science, astronomy, psychology (knowing one’s inner world), and the sacred.

Image result for aboriginal children learning from elders

For a Native student imbued with an indigenous, experientially grounded, holistic perspective, typical approaches to teaching can present an impediment to learning, to the extent that they focus on compartmentalized knowledge with little regard for how academic disciplines relate to one another or to the surrounding universe.

Image result for aboriginal children learning

To bring significance to learning in indigenous contexts, the explanations of natural phenomena should be cast first in Native terms to which students can relate, and then explained in western terms.

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For example, when describing an eddy along the river for placing a fishing net, it should be explained initially in the indigenous way of understanding, pointing out the currents, the movement of debris and sediment in the water, the likely path of the fish, the condition of the river bank, upstream conditions affecting water levels, the impact of passing boats, etc.

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Once the students understand the significance of the knowledge being presented, it can then be explained in west Asian terms, such as flow, velocity, resistance, turgidity, sonar readings, tide tables, etc., to illustrate how the modern explanation adds to the traditional understanding (and vice versa).

Image result for eddy diagram

All learning should start with what the student and community know and are using in everyday life.

The Native student will become more motivated to learn when the subject matter is based on something useful and suitable to the livelihood of the community and is presented in a way that reflects the interconnectedness of all things.

Image result for aboriginal knowledge system

Taken from “Education Indigenous to Place: Western Science Meets Native Reality” by Angayuqaq Oscar Kawagley and Ray Barnhardt http://www.ankn.uaf.edu/curriculum/Articles/BarnhardtKawagley/EIP.html

“White” Slavery in Pictures

 

For more details and links, visit https://www.pinterest.com/suunjata/white-slavery/
painting of white slaves of africa - Google Search

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There were more Europeans enslaved by the Muslims black slaves shipped to America The slave trade from the West was largely superseded, at least in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, for the committed against our people by Islam. American historian Robert C. Davis study it carefully in his book Christian Slaves, Muslim Masters [Christian Slaves, Muslim Masters]

There were more Europeans enslaved by the Muslims black…

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Olive Oatman & Ordeal As Indian Slave +Antonio, Burke,Heintzelman,Hewitt, Mowery

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The Blue Tattoo: The Life of Olive Oatman (Women in the West): <a href="http://Amazon.co.uk" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Amazon.co.uk</a>: Margot Mifflin: 9780803235175: Books

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The true stories of Irish indentured servants in South Carolina and Scottish indentured servants in Barbados who were treated just as bad, if not worse, than...

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JAN 10, 1914 NEWSPAPER <a class="pintag searchlink" data-query="%234433" data-type="hashtag" href="/search/?q=%234433&rs=hashtag" rel="nofollow" title="#4433 search Pinterest">#4433</a>- THE DEVIL- EXPOSURE OF THE WHITE SLAVE TRAFFIC

JAN 10, 1914 NEWSPAPER

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SLAVERY, NOT ALWAYS BLACKS.  I AM IRISH AND I AM GONG TO GET UPSET ABOUT THIS, IN FACT I EXPECT REPARATIONS ....IF ANYONE DOESN'T LIKE ME THEN THEY ARE RACIST...

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The FIRST slaves imported into the American colonies were 100 WHITE CHILDREN. They arrived during Easter, 1619, FOUR MONTHS BEFORE THE ARRIVAL OF THE FIRST SHIPMENT OF BLACK SLAVES. Tens of thousands of convicts, beggars, homeless children and other &quot;undesirable&quot; English, Scottish, and Irish lower class were transported to America against their will to the Americas on slave ships. YES SLAVE SHIPS...

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The Captivity of the Oatman Girls Among the Apache and Mohave Indians (Native American)

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Irish are 'the forgotten white slaves’ claims expert...In his article, John Martin writes “The Irish slave trade began when James II sold 30,000 Irish prisoners as slaves to the New World. Proclamation of 1625  <a href="http://timothy-denehy.artistwebsites.com/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">timothy-denehy.ar...</a>

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Irish slaves. The slaves that the world forgot . <a class="pintag searchlink" data-query="%23slaves" data-type="hashtag" href="/search/?q=%23slaves&rs=hashtag" rel="nofollow" title="#slaves search Pinterest">#slaves</a> <a class="pintag" href="/explore/history/" title="#history explore Pinterest">#history</a>

Irish slaves. The slaves that the world forgot .

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30,000 Catholic Church girl slaves worked 7 days a week in Irish laundries, and were exploited, beaten, and raped. At least 155 of them ended up in unmarked graves; when their remains were discovered in 1993, they were cremated before forensic experts could investigate.&quot;

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The stolen children They were sent from Irish orphanages to Australia with the promise of freedom. Instead, writes Declan Cashin, our child migrants battled with abuse and slave labour

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At the young age of 11, Ellen was ordered to do 7 days hard labour after being convicted of stealing iron when caught with Mary Catherine Docherty, Rosanna Watson and Mary Hinnigan.     Height: 4.3  Hair: Red  Eyes: Dark Blue  Place of Birth: Durham  Status: Single    These photographs are of convicted criminals in Newcastle between 1871 - 1873.

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It was under Cronwell's son Henry's reign that thousands of Irish men and women were shipped to the West Indies. Although indentured servants (Irish included) had been coming to the Barbados since 1627, this new wave of arrivals was the first to come involuntarily. The number of Irish shipped out at between 30,000 and 80,000 persons. In 1641, Ireland's population was 1,466,000. By 1652, it was down to just 616,000.

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irish slavery | Irish Slaves- White Cargo

irish slavery | Irish Slaves- White Cargo

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The Irish Slave Trade – The Forgotten “White” Slaves The Slaves That Time Forgot By John Martin Global Research, January 27, 2013 ‘They came as slaves; vast human cargo transported on tall Br…

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Financially struggling schools for newly freed slaves in New Orleans raised funds by selling photographs of mixed-race children. In a country where &quot;one drop of blood&quot; made any person &quot;non-white&quot; it was not difficult to find recently-freed children who looked &quot;white,&quot; and their images were thought to be more likely to shock northern viewers and draw larger contributions. Link has many examples from the collection of Library of Congress.

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irish slavery | Irish Blog: WHITE SLAVERY &amp; HOLOCAUST GENOCIDE

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The Irish Slave Trade – The Forgotten “White” Slaves, The Slaves That Time Forgot By John Martin

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Slaves' of New Orleans.  Many went on to pass for white, hiding their African ancestry.

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*'White' slaves used for 1860s fundraiser propaganda  Lighter skinned slave children of mixed race heritage were used as part of a fundraising campaign to help struggling African American schools in 1860s New Orleans. Campaign organizers believed the lighter complexioned children would help boost donations to their cause.

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Slave Woman Sold In Va | Black Children Mock-Auctioned In Virginia Elementary School &quot;History ...

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The suppressed History of White Slavery in America- Date June 27, 1840- Source; Library of Congress

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This book tackles a hitherto neglected topic by presenting Ireland as very much a part of the Black Atlantic world. It shows how slaves and sugar produced economic and political change in Eighteenth-c

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Kitab al-Masalik wal-Mamalik (&quot;The Book of Roads and Kingdoms&quot;) 870AD. He the Radhanites Jews as sophisticated and multilingual. He outlined four main trade routes utilized by the Radhanites in their journeys. All four began in the Rhône Valley of France and terminated in China. The commodities carried by the Radhanites Jews. They are described as transporting oils, incense, steel weapons, furs, and slaves (in particular, Saqāliba) Slavs.

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Chance: During the time period of slavery in America the white slave owners would have sex with their black female slaves, and the result often was children being born. Many slave owners did not h...

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Historic Photographs Of &quot;White&quot; Slaves

Historic Photographs Of “White” Slaves

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Christian Slaves, Muslim Masters: White Slavery in the Mediterranean, the Barbary Coast and Italy, 1500-1800 (Early Modern History) by Robert C. Davis <a href="http://www.amazon.com/dp/1403945519/ref=cm_sw_r_pi_dp_8ACkub0DKJAH0" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">www.amazon.com/...</a>

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Fundraiser organizers used lighter skinned mixed race slave children as part of an campaign to raise money for African American schools in the 1860s. They believed that lighter skinned slaves would garner more sympathy, and in turn more money, for their cause.

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Welcome To My World: White Irish Women Sold Into Slave Trade

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When Europeans Were Slaves: Research Suggests White Slavery Was Much More Common Than Previously Believed

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The Barbary slave trade

The Barbary slave trade

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Ireland slavery historyDuring the 1650s, over 100,000 Irish children aged 10 to 14 were taken from their parents and sold as slaves in the West Indies, Virginia and New England. In this decade, 52,000 Irish (mostly women and children) were sold to Barbados and Virginia. Still 30,000 Irish men and women were also transported and sold to the highest bidder. In 1656, Cromwell ordered that 2000 Irish children be taken to Jamaica and sold as slaves to English settlers. Many people today avoid cal...

Ireland slavery historyDuring the 1650s, over 100,000 Irish…

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LEARN REAL HISTORY ABOUT HOW MUSLIMS HAVE TREATED WHITES WHEN THEY CONTROL THEIR WORLDS!   Did you know that Muslims branded white slaves ...

LEARN REAL HISTORY ABOUT HOW MUSLIMS HAVE TREATED WHITES…

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White slave children 1864

White slave children 1864

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Roman legionnaires and captured slaves.

Roman legionnaires and captured slaves.

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Scot Irish Slave Men

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This Map Shows the Exact Location of Every Black Person Killed by Cops in 2014 (from AlterNet)

Screenshot (10)

Of the 1,148 people killed by cops [in 2014], 26 percent were black. (That’s double the representation of black folks among the U.S.’s population.) Other figures the website notes:

At least 100 unarmed black people were killed by police in 2014, more than any other race.

Where you live matters. A black person in St. Louis is 5x more likely to be killed by police than a black person in New York City. A black person in Florida is more than 2.5x more likely to be killed by police than a black person in Georgia.

It’s not about crime rates. Despite the fact that Newark and St. Louis have similar crime rates and demographics, police killed 4 black people in St. Louis and zero in Newark in 2014.

Continue reading

#KilledByCops Interactive Map Records REAL Results of Routine Police Brutality

American Info Maps

#KilledByCops American Map

“#KilledByCops is an interactive map that chronicles and visualizes a humanizing, detailed, but far-from-complete perspective on the massive scale of police killings nationwide. And since fewer than 5% of law enforcement agencies in the country currently provide information on police killings, a comprehensive data collection of and a national conversation about police homicides in the United States is desperately needed.

One hope for the project is that better data collection and transparency will lead to further accountability for officers who violate human and civil rights — particularly of Black youth and adults — who are overwhelmingly the victims of police abuse and violence. The data for this map is crowd sourced from FatalEncounters.org, an impartial, comprehensive and searchable national database of people killed during interactions with law enforcement.

The recent bill passed by Congress calling for the collection of nationwide data on police killings is a…

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Is Anyone Mapping the Rapid Rise in Incidents of American Police Brutality?

American Info Maps

http://nvcopblock.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/TooManyCopsTooLittleJustice.jpg

I’ve been asking this question for at least 8 years. And it turns out that, YES, there are many other individuals and organizations watching and documenting what is taking place. One could speculate that a rise in overall “lawlessness” in the United States has now incited the darker natures of many of our law enforcement officers. But one could also speculate that police officers in 2014 feel they often take much more aggressive actions to be able to merely carry out the function of law enforcement duties.

My own observations of escalating American police brutality reached a personal tipping point when I recently watched a video clip from a police officer’s dash-cam which recorded the officer hurtling an innocent college professor to the ground with enough force to fracture her skull because she was perceived to be jaywalking across a campus thoroughfare. She wasn’t even crossing a city street. And…

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Why don’t African-Americans flee persecution? (FREE gift for comments)

African-Americans are the only persecuted group in the world that doesn’t even consider migration.

WHY are African-Americans the only persecuted group in the world that doesn’t even consider migration?

Honestly, I’m perplexed.

Answer in the comments for a free gift.

May Allah Forgive & Reward Muhammad Ali

He gave up the chance to be the greatest boxer of all time, to be one of the greatest men in all history.

He was, is and will always be my hero.

ma 6

ma 2

ma6

 

May Allah the most high have mercy on him, forgive his misdeeds and reward his good deeds beyond measure;  ameen.ma 4

ma 1ma3

ma 5

Arabs

On Africans in Arabia and Greater Syria, M.C. Zilfi says in Women and Slavery in the Late Ottoman Empire(2010):”Discrimination based on color was not unknown in these regions, but in many respects, black Africans seem not to have been worse off than free Arabs from the less pedigreed tribes. In any case, many free Arab tribesmen of long lineage were phenotypically indistinguishable from black Africans.

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Photograph of Sir Mir Mohammad Khan, Khan of Kalat from the ‘Wheeler Collection: Portraits of Indian Rulers,’ was taken by Frederick Bremner c.1894. Kalat is located in Baluchistan and was established in the middle of the fifteenth century by the Mir Wari clan, an Arab family.
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The children of the Sultan of Zanzibar accompanied by two guards.
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His Royal Highness H.H. Sultan Zanzibar 1936

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Arab Chief M’Baruk B. Raschid Sultan of Zanzibar 1880

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Seyyid Khalifa Bin Harub, Sultan of Zanzibar
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ALI BIN HAMUD Sultan of Zanzibar. Acceded in 1902

Frozen Characters Reimagined… but why?

A 2009 study from the University of Central Florida in Orlando looked at the impact of animated characters on young girls’ self-image.

After watching clips of cartoon characters who were princesses, many of the girls involved in the research aged three to six, reported that they would need to change their hair color, clothes and skin color.

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frozen 6

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People always say, “It would be unrealistic in the setting for Elsa to be black”. You know what else is unrealistic? Elsa’s body. Or face. Or dress. Or literally any aspect of her design. If the setting matters so much to the realism of the design, why is she wearing a dress with a huge leg slit? Oh yeah, and there’s the fact that SHE HAS ICE POWERS THAT CAN ALSO INEXPLICABLY CREATE SENTIENT BEINGS AND CLOTHING. So the color of her skin couldn’t be changed for the sake of believability?

frozen 4frozen 8

During Frozen, Kristoff is seen wearing Sami clothes and practicing a typically Sami occupation – being a handyman with a trained reindeer (although in real life, you can’t ride reindeer like a horse).

In line with this depiction, this is what Kristoff should look like adhering to what Sami looked like during the 1800s: tan, with an epicanthic eyefold and black hair because- surprise! -the Sami weren’t originally white!

The only reason you end up with a bunch of white people when you google them is because of centuries of forced assimilation/miscegenation and ethnocide at the hands of the Swedes and Norwegians.


Perabo, Lyonel.  Answer to “What Are The Best Examples of a Cultural Genocide?”.  Quora.  3 February 2016.  Retrieved from https://www.quora.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-a-cultural-genocide/answer/Lyonel-Perabo

Whitelocks, Sadie.  “Angry Disney fans create their own ethnic princess after latest film features ANOTHER ‘generic’ white female”.  Daily Mail.  3 July 2013.  Retrieved from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-2353524/Angry-Disney-fans-create-ethnic-princesses-latest-film-features-ANOTHER-generic-white-female.html